Category: Grammar

Various explanation for Japanese grammar

Japanese Lesson 9 – Let’s make simple adverbial phrases.

I introduced two frames to make basic Japanese sentence in the page of Lesson-8. The frames has only the basic part of Japanese sentence. From now, let’s make more expressive sentences by adding simple adverbial phrases. The position you can insert adverbs and adverbial phrases There are several red arrows in above frames. You can insert the adverbs and adverbial phrases which modify the sentence at the positions of the arrows. In English, some adverbs are put at the fixed position, but there aren’t really any important rules in Japanese adverbs and adverbial phrases. Please put them wherever you want. In Frame-B, you must not put them between complement and […]

Japanese Lesson 8 – Universal frames for making Japanese sentence

To learn Japanese easily, I made a tool. It is the following two frames. Frame-A shows a typical positive sentence with a subject and objects. Frame-B shows a positive sentence with only a complement. The part of subject is made by putting a particle “wa” after the noun or pronoun. The Japanese character of the particle is “ha”. But it is not wrong. It had been pronounced as “ha” in ancient times, but the pronunciation has changed to “wa”. But the original character remains. “Ni” is added after indirect object and “o” is added after direct object. These are also particles. The Japanese character “wo” is used for the particle […]

Japanese Lesson 7 – Very simple Japanese pronoun

In any language, the most-used words are personal pronouns and demonstrative pronoun. Please learn them first. Personal pronoun Japanese has the personal pronouns with three persons like English. But Japanese personal pronouns don’t have case unlike English. For example, about the first person in English, the subjective case is “I”, the objective case is “me” and the possessive case is “my”. In Japanese, some particles are used to show the case, and the case is created by connecting a personal pronoun and a particle. You have only to learn each pronoun like a noun. It is very easy. Instead, Japanese has multiple personal pronouns in a person. In English, there […]

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