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Hiragana is the basic characters for Japanese language.
They were created from cursive character of kanji since the 8th century.
So the characters are rounded.

One or two characters of hiragana describe a Japanese syllabic sound like the following.

Hiragana in Japanese language

Unlike alphabet, hiragana does not distinguish a character of big letter from small letter.
There are the small letters of "tsu", "ya", "yu" and "yo", but they have special meanings.
Now the sounds "si", "ti", "tu", "zi", "di" and "du" have changed to "shi", "chi", "tsu", "ji", "ji" and "zu".
"Wo" is only used as a postposition.

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