Wakkanai is the northernmost city in Japan.
It is located about 200 km north of Asahikawa city.
There is Sakhalin island which Russia controls effectively toward north across the Soya Strait. The distance between Wakkanai and Sakhalin is only 43 km.
Wakkanai is situated on the nearly same latitude as Milan (Italy), Grenoble (France), Portland (United States) or Montreal (Canada).
It is the center city in northern Hokkaido, but main industies such as
fishery and dairy are slamping.
Therefore the population continues to decrease.
is a park located on the hill west of the JR Wakkanai station.
It is an observatory where we can see the Wakkanai city, port and Soya Strait, and we may see the Sakhalin island distantly when it is fine.
There are some monuments in this park.
"Hyosetsu-no-mon" (The gate in ice and snow) is most famous in this park, and built in 1963 for memorial of people who lived in Sakhalin where was the Japanese territory in prewar times.
"Monument of the Nine Maidens" is also built in 1963 for memorial.
On August 15th in 1945, the Pacific War (World War II) ended with the
unconditional surrender of Japan.
But Soviet militaly were invading to expand the territory in this area on this occasion.
Young female telephone operaters in Maoka town in Sakhalin Island were working faithfully not to cut off the telephone calls.
The Soviet military launched a fierce attack to this town on August 20th.
The operaters were unable to eacape, then they were isolated in the office.
At last, nine of them killed themselves, with saying "Good-bye." on the telephone.
This monument was built as the memorial for the nine operaters.
In 1968, Emperor Showa visited these monuments and prayed for the souls of them.
There is a tower at the back of the park.
It is the "Wakkanai 100th Year Memorial Tower", and was built in 1978, in celebration of the 100th anniversary of opening Wakkanai village.
It is a breakwater like dome,
and is the northern breakwater of Wakkanai port.
It is located 0.5 km north of JR Wakkanai station, and has 424 meters long along the passway through the ferry landing.
It was completed in 1936. And it was used as the breakwater and the walkway between Wakkanai railroad station and the pier of the ferry to Sakhalin.
The colonnade looks like Greek construction.
It is a cape located 5 km northwest of central Wakkanai. It is one of
the northernmost capes.
The coast has no cliffs and is flat, so it looks like a small port.
There are a lighthouse and the municipal aqualium around here.
When it is fine, you can see Rishiri Island from here.
By bus, it takes about 13 minutes from Wakkanai station.
In addition, distinguish "Cape Noshappu" from "Cape Nosappu" in Nemuro city.
By JR limited express , it takes about 5 hours from Sapporo, and 3 hours and 40 minutes from Asahikawa.
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