JR is the countrywide corporate group which was originally a
And there are several other railroad around Tokyo other than JR. They are generally translated as "private railroads". (It's kind of funny.)
Their terminal stations are mostly set up on or around JR Yamanote Line.
Their lines radiate from central Tokyo, and basically commuter trains run from the suburbs to Tokyo.
But some railroads have a few sightseeing spots on the lines, and have nice limited express trains.
It is the largest railroad company in Kanto Prefecture, and the terminal station is Asakusa.
The main lines run through the east part of Saitama Prefecture
and leads to Nikko, Kinugawa-onsen and Isezaki.
Especially this is the most convenient railroad to visit there, and the limited express "SPACIA" runs within 2 hours from Asakusa.
It connects with Hibiya Line of subway at Kita-Senju and Hanzomon Line
"SPACIA" stops at Kita-Senju.
It is the railroad from
central Tokyo to Narita Airport and Chiba city.
The terminal station is Keisei-Ueno, and is located underground near JR Ueno station.
The limited express "Skyliner" runs from here to Narita Airport.
Asakusa Line of Toei subway connects with a short Keisei's branch line
between Oshiage and Aoto, so many trains run from the subway into the
And at Nippori, we can change the JR trains.
It has two main lines from
Their terminal stations are Ikebukuro and Shinjuku. The former is next to JR station, but the latter is short distance away from the JR station.
Both lines run to the west in nearly parallel, and they reach the
middle area of Tokyo Metropolis and the west part of Saitama Prefecture.
Basically it is a suburban railroad, but the reserved-seat limited express trains are opearated on both lines, and the name of train is "Red Arrow".
Especially the train from Ikebukuro to Seibu-Chuchibu leads to the mountainous area in western Saitama Prefecture.
Seibu Railway Tourist Guide : Official website
It is the railroad running
mainly from Shinjuku to Hachioji city or Mount Takao.
And a few lines branch off from the main line. The main line connects to a subway, Toei Shinjulu Line.
Keio Line is a suburban railroad, and none of the trains has reserved seats.
It is the railroad running from Shinjuku through the middle area of Kanagawa Prefecture to Odawara, Hakone-Yumoto, Fujisawa and Katase-Enoshima.
It leads to the popular sightseeing area such as Hakone and Kamakura,
so it has been operated the sightseeing limited expresses named
"Romance Car" since early times.
They depart from Shinjuku 2 or 3 times an hour.
Additionally limited express "Asagiri" runs from Shinjuku to JR Numazu, after entering to JR Gotenba Line at Matsuda station. It is operated 4 times a day.
Odakyu Line connects to a subway, Chiyoda Line (Tokyo Metro).
Of course, general trains run into it, but some Romance Cars also run since March in 2008.
It has been the first time in Japan that reserved-seat limited express runs on a common subway line.
It is the railroad having
several lines in the southern area of central Tokyo.
The main line is Toyoko Line between Shibuya and Yokohama, and it is convenient because it leads directly to the popular area in Yokohama.
It runs from Shinagwa through
Yokohama and Yokosuka to Misakiguchi near the tip of Miura Peninsula.
This main line is in pararell with JR Line, so the speed of the rapid trains is very fast for competing with the rival.
And at Keikyu-Kamata station, the line to Haneda Airport branches off. Keikyu Line is one of important means of transportation to there.
All photoes by Railstation.net