Tokyo National Museum is a museum housing and
exhibiting the cultural properties of Japan and the East.
It was founded in 1872, and is the oldest museum in Japan.
It is located the north part of Ueno Park.
It houses more than 110 thousand articles, and over 80 national treasures and over 600 national important cultural properties are included in them.
This museum has five main exhibition pavilions.
"Honkan" (Main pavillion) is the largest building in the
museum, and is
called "Japanese Gallery".
In this pavillion, Japanese art and craft objects are exhibited. On the ground floor, there are sculptures, ceramics, craftworks, the articles about Ainu and Okinawa.
On the second floor, there are art objects about Buddhism, tea celemony, samurai, Noh and Kabuki. Also we can see calligraphy and Ukiyoe (Japanese woodblock prints in Edo period) there.
"Toyokan" is called "Asian Gallery".
In this pavillion, the art and craft objects of China, Korea, Southeast Asia, India, Egypt and other Asian areas are exhibited.
"Hyokeikan" is the gallery built in 1909, in celebration
marriage of the Prince (later Taisho Emperor).
It is used for special exhibition.
The building is designated as a nationally important cultural property.
"Heiseikan" is the gallery built in 1999, in celebration
marriage of the current Prince Naruhito.
It is also used for special exhibition.
"Horyuji-houmotsukan" (The Gallery of Horyuji Treasures)
is the gallery
for exhibition of the treasures of Horyuji literally.
About 300 articles are housed and exhibited, and most of them are the works in the 7th century. The treasures housing in Shosoin in Nara were almost created in the 8th century, so the works in this museum are very treasurable.
Tokyo Sky Tree