Nojima Fault Preservation Museum is located in
Awaji city in Awaji Island.
It is near the northwest coast of the island, and is located about 10 km southwest of the north end of the island.
The Great Hanshin Earthquake occured at 5:46 a.m. on January 17th, 1995.
It caused considerable damage mainly in the south part of Hyogo Prefecture.
The eartquake caused 6,434 deaths and injured 43,792 people. And about 640 thousand houses was detroyed.
The number of deaths was the highest since in the postwar period.
It was centered at the north end of Awaji Island, at a depth of 16
kilometers. It had the magnitude of 7.3 (Japan Meteorological Agency
An active fault runs from the northwest coast, through Kobe city, to Itami city at the north of Osaka city.
Because the fault shifted, this great earthquake was occured.
When the earthquake occured, the real fault appeared on the surface of the ground at Nojima district in Awaji city. Two parts of the ground slipped about 1-2 meters each other, and one part raised 0.5-1.2 meters.
Then this fault was designated as a natural monument.
And the museum has been built on a part of the fault.
In the museum, we can see the real fault about 140 meters long.
And many photos and restored models about the earthquake are displayed.
Additionally, we can experience the same quake as the Great Hanshin Earthquake in a model room.