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Fukuoka city

FukuokaFukuoka city map Fukuoka is the prefectural capital in Fukuoka Prefecture, and is located at the northwest part of the prefecture.
It is the largest city in Kyushu Island.

The main area is along Hakata Bay.
Hakata Bay is surrounded with Umi-no-Nakamichi sand bank, Shikanoshima island and Nokonoshima island, and Itoshima peninsula, so the sea is calm.

Since ancient time, this area had been the entrance to Asian Continent.
It is said that rice cultivation was introduced from Korea to Japan through this area in the 4th B.C.

Then old history book written in the 3rd century in China says a Japanese king paid tribute to the Chinese king and the Chinese king gave a golden seal to the Japanese king in 57 A.D.
And the golden seal was unearthed on Shikanoshima island in 1784.

And in 1274 and 1281, the major militaly by Kublai Khan in Mongol Empire attempt invade and conquest against Japan, at this coast.
Ten thousand of Mongol soldiers came ashore by ship, but Japanese people battled them bitterly around this coast and beat back the Mongols.

After the second battle, Mongol ships retreated offshore. At that time, hard storm hit them and the great military was devastated on the sea.
This storm rescued Japan, and the people called the storm as "Kamikaze" (Wind by God).

The historic coast area has been called "Hakata".
And in the early 17th century, Kuroda family, the warlords, built a castle to the west of Hakata.
The area developed as a castle town, and the area was called "Fukuoka".

Now this city has Hakata area with business district and Fukuoka area with commercial zone.

Talking about Fukuoka city, It should be remembered that there are many Yatai.
Yatai is a food stall, and about 200 Yatai are opened on the street every day. Main areas of them are Nakasu, Kawabata, Tenjin and Nagahama districts.
Many of them serves Hakata ramen. But the others serve variety of foods such as Yakitori, Oden. (However, they never serve raw foods such as Sashimi, Sushi.)
Generally, they are opened from around 7 p.m. to 3 a.m.

JR Hakata station is the terminal of San'yo Shinkansen, and is at Hakata area.
Fukuoka Airport is located about 2 km east of Hakata station, so it is very easy to get around.
And the subway links the airport, Hakata station and the main area.

Fukuoka City Subway official website

Tenjin district /1/

Tenjin It is a downtown of Fukuoka city, and is located about 2 km west of JR Hakata station.
There are many department stores, shops, mass retail stores.
And thete is an underground mall.
The nearest station of subway is Tenjin.
Additionally, the terminal station of Nishitetsu Line is here.

Nakasu district /2/

Nakasu It is a district located to the east of Tenjin.
It is a long area between Naka River and its branch current, and is about 1 km long and 200 meters wide.
It is known as the largest entertainment district in Kyushu Island, and there are about 3,500 restaurants, pubs, bars and adult entertainment shops.
And many yatai are opened in this area.
The nearest station of subway is Nakasu-Kawabata.

Ruin of Fukuoka Castle /3/

Fukuoka Castle It is a castle located about 2 km west of Tenjin.
It was built in 1607 by Nagamasa Kuroda, the first lord of Fukuoka Domain.
After the end of feudal period of Edo Government, most buildings including the castle tower were demolished.
Now some towers and gates remain.
The nearest station of subway is Oohori-koen.

Hakozakigu shrine /4/

Hakozakiguu It is a Shinto shrine founded in 921, and is located about 3.5 km north of Hakata station.
When Mongol military attacked, Emperor Kameyama prayed for the surrender of the enemy in this shrine.
In the result, "Kamikaze" blew and Japan was rescured. Since that, this shrine has been believed as a god of maritime transportation and defense of the country.
It has a long approach (about 700 meters) reaching Hakata Bay.
The main shrine was rebuilt in 1546.
The nearest station of subway is Hakozakigu-mae.

Kashiigu shrine /5/

Kashiiguu It is a Shinto shrine located about 5 km northeast of Hakozakigu.
In legend, Emperor Chuai died in 200, so his wife, Empress Jinguu, built a mausoleum here.
After that, the govermnent heard the oracle of Empress Jinguu, this shrine was founded in 724.
It had been one of the high-ranking shrines since that times.
The main shrine has a unique architectural style, and is called "Kashii-style".
The nearest station is Kashii-Jingu on JR Kashii Line.
By JR train, about 12 minutes from Hakata to Kashii. After transferring to Kashii Line, about 3 minutes.

Other popular spots in Fukuoka city

  • Canal City HAKATA /11/ : A commercial complex located about 1 km west of Hakata station.
    It consists of three buildings with theaters and many shops and a hotel.
    The nearest stations of JR or subway are Hakata, Gion and Nakasu-Kawabata.
  • Tochoji temple /12/ : A Buddhist temple of Shingon Buddhism located about 0.8 km northwest of Hakata station.
    It is said that it was built in 806 by high priest Kuukai who returned back to Japan after his study in China.
    In the early 17th century, it became the temple of Kuroda family, the lords of Fukuoka Domain.
    On the temple grounds, there are Hondo (Main temple), Rokkakudo, and Daibutsuden.
    In Daibutsuden, there is Fukuoka Daibutsu (Great Buddha statue) completed in 1992. The height is 10.8 meters.
    The nearest station of subway is Gion.
  • Shofukuji temple /13/ : A Buddhist temple of Rinzai Zen sect located about 0.3 km north of Tochoji.
    It was founded in 1195 by high priest Yousai who was the founder of Rinzai Zen sect in Japan.
    At the height, the site was very wide, but it had been scaled down. But it is about 200 meters square.
    And around the temple, there are several branch temples, and the area looks like temple town.
    The nearest station of subway is Gion.
  • Oohori Park /14/ : A park located to the west of Fukuoka Castle.
    It has a large pond about 2 km around. Some small islands are in the pond and they are connected by bridges.
    Originally it was a mudflat, and was used as a moat of Fukuoka Castle in the Middle Ages.
    Around the pond, there are Fukuoka Art Museum, Noh theater and Japanese Garden.
    And the reataurant "Hananoki" is known that Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio had dinner for three days on their honeymoon in 1954.
    The nearest station of subway is Oohori-koen.
  • Seaside Momochi /15/ : A seaside district by waterfront development.
    The coast line is a seaside park, and there are Fukuoka Tower, Fukuoka City Museum, and some other tall buildings.
    And on the east part of the area, there is Hawks Town which is a complex facility with Fukuoka Yahoo! Japan Dome (domed baseball stadium), a shopping mall and a hotel.
    The nearest stations of subway are Nishijin and Toujinmachi.
  • Nokonoshima island /16/ : A small island in Hakata Bay located about 5 km northwest of Seaside Momochi.
    The highest point is 195 meters high, old geological layers are seen in this island.
    There is "Nokonoshima Iskand Park" with many fields of flowers in the island.
    And we can see the scenery of Fukuoka city on the observatory.
    By ferry, it takes only 10 minutes from Meinohama Port. To the port, the route buses are operated from some main stations.
  • Umi-no-Nakamichi /17/ : A sand bank connecting the mainland and Shikanoshima island.
    The length is about 8 km, and the widest part is about 2.5 km and the narrowest part is less than 0.5 km in width.
    There is a seaside park at the west part.
  • Shikanoshima island /18/ : A small island connected by Umi-no-Nakamichi.
    In 1784, a farmer found the golden seal given from China in the 1st century, when he plowed a field.
    The place is "Kin'in Park" now, and there is the monument of the seal.
    And there is Shikanoshima shrine, and Mouko-zuka for the soul of Mongol soldiers who were taken prisoner and were put to death after "Kamikaze" in 1281.
    To visit this island, it takes about 1 hour by route bus from Tenjin, or about 33 minute by ferry from Hakata port.
Scenic or Nature / Park or Garden / Resort / City, Town or Village / Quarter or Street /
Temple or Shrine / Museum or Laboratory / Market or Commercial facility / Factory /
Other Building or Construction / Historic place / Remains / World Heritage Site

How to get to here

By Shinkansen

By "Nozomi", about 1 hour and 10 minutes from Hiroshima, about 2 hours and 35 minutes from Shin-Osaka, about 5 hours 5-15 minutes from Tokyo.

By airplane

About 2 hours from Tokyo (Haneda), about 1 hour 15 minutes from Osaka (Itami).
From Fukuoka Airport, by subway, about 5 minutes to Hakata station, about 12 minutes to Tenjin.

Tenjin Nakasu in the evening
©Y.Shimizu / ©JNTO
Many Yatai along Naka River A ramen Yatai
©Y.Shimizu / ©JNTO
Ruin of Fukuoka Castle Torii gate of Hakozakigu
Photo by Rettou-houmotsukan
Main shrine of Hakozakigu
Photo by Rettou-houmotsukan
Photo by Rettou-houmotsukan
Canal City HAKATA Tochoji temple
Shofukuji temple Oohori Park
Seaside Momochi Hawks Town
Nokonoshima A view of Seaside Momochi from Nokonoshima
Umi-no-Nakamichi and Shikanoshima Kin'in Park in Shikanoshima

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