Japan is located to the east of Eurasia Continent.
Vast Pacific Ocean spreads to the east and the south of Japan, and the Sea of Japan is to the west.
Japan is located just at the boundary of the world's largest continent and the world's vastest ocean.
Around Japan, there are South Korea, North Korea, China and Russia.
And Taiwan has been self-governed for more than a half-century, but China considers it a part of its territory.
There are four big islands and many small islands in Japan.
The northern island is "Hokkaido".
To the south, there is the largest, long and slender island "Honshu".
There is "Shikoku" in the southwest, and "Kyushu" is to the west of them.
Small islands range from the south of Kyushu, and it is "Nansei
The central island of them is "Okinawa Island" in them.
And there are Ogasawara Islands over 1,000 km south of Honshu Island.
Japan is surrounded with seas.
So, there are a lot of scenic areas in the coast.
Over 70 percent of the land area is mountainous, and most parts of that are
covered with forests.
There is the mountain range of 3,000 meters class in the center part in the Honshu.
Many of the mountains are volcanoes, and some of them are active.
So there are a lot of hot springs throughout the country, and more than 3,000 hot spring resorts are set up.
Most rivers are short and there are a lot of rapid streams.
Because the land area is long and slender, the rivers reach the sea at a short distance.
So, a lot of valleys, gorges and waterfalls are in the whole country.
The climate of Japan generally belongs to the temperate zone.
Spring and autumn are pleasant seasons.
The weather stays nice, but it rains once every some days.
However, summer is not only hot but also very humid from Honshu to the
The stifling heat match the climate in Southeast Asia in the tropical zone.
Also the climate in Japan features a rainy season before
For about a month, it is rainy or cloudy every day. The season is called "Tsuyu" in Japanese.
In summer and autumn, hard rain storm "Typhoon" hits Japan a few times
Typhoon is similar to hurricane or cyclone, and is born around the equator to the far south of Japan.
About 20 to 30 typhoons are born, and a few of them come to Japan.
In winter, the weather is quite different from region to region.
Along the Pacific Ocean side, fine weather continues almost every day, but the areas along the Sea of Japan side have a fall of snow over almost daily.
Hokkaido is very cold and snowy, and the temperature is below the freezing point.
By contraries, the southern islands have a temperate climate all the year round.
Japan has 47 prefectures. And there are several districts
which have individually some prefectures.
The combination of prefectures is not unique, and the districts on the home page is commonly used.
Kanto district contains the Tokyo metropolitan area.
Kansai district is also called Kinki district. "Kansai" is generally used, and "Kinki" is used on administrative subject.
In Chugoku district, we use "San'yo" which is the south side, and "San'in" which is the north side.
The southern islands of Kyushu are called "Nansei Islands". ("Nansei" means southwest.)
They are offen includes in Kyushu.
Probably, Western people can't distinguish Japanese from Korean and
Of course, it is difficult for even we Japanese to know that by the appearance.
But each of them uses a different language and has quite a different
And Japan is surrounded by sea, China is on the vast continent, and Korea is on a peninsula connecting to the continent.
So the difference of character, attitude, custom and manner is pronounced in the geographical environment.
Please know about Japanese people and its country in this website.
|1||Tokyo (23 Wards)||9,443||7||Kobe||1,534|
|Name of the Country||Japan
(Officially, "Nihon-koku" or "Nippon-koku")
We Japanese call "Nihon" or "Nippon", commonly.
( 0.4 times of USA, 2 times of UK, 6.3 times of Australia )
thousand sq. km
( 0.04 times of USA, 1.5 times of UK, 0.05 times of Australia )
|Emperor (Ten'nou)||Akihito (Born in 1933, acceded to the imperial throne in 1989)|
|Prime Minister||Shinzo Abe (From Dec.26, 2012)|
(Nisshoki in formal)