Nijo Castle is located about 3.5 km north-northwest of Kyoto station.
Kyoto Imperial Palace is located about 1.5 km northeast of this castle.
First, a castle was built here in the middle of the 16th century.
In 1600, Ieyasu Tokugawa won the civil war divided Japan in two, and became the new leader of Japan.
He founded the new government in Edo (current Tokyo), but he decided to build a castle to stay in Kyoto, the capital of Japan.
The Nijo Castle was completed in 1603, and its castle tower was completed in 1606.
But after Iemitsu Tokugawa, the 3rd Shogun of Edo government, stayed
here in 1624, this castle hadn't been used until the end of the Edo
Period (the 1860s).
In 1750, the castle tower was destroyed by fire by lightning stoke.
In 1788, some other buildings in the castle were desytoyed by Great Fire of Kyoto city.
In 1862, when the end of feudal period came around, a palace
"Ninomaru-goten" was rebuilt for the staying of Ieshige Tokugawa, the
In 1867, Yoshinobu Tokugawa, the 15th and last Shogun, transferred the authority to the new modern government.
After that, the palace became a villa of Emperor's family in 1885.
In 1915, when Emperor Taisho ascended the throne, the palace was used as one of its ceremonies.
And this castle site was opened to the public in 1939.
Now the formal name is "Former Villa, Nijo-jo".
In this site, there are Ninomaru-goten, Honmaru-goten, Japanese gardens
and the ruins of the castle.
Ninomaru-goten palaace is be designated as a national treasure.
Honmaru-goten is a palace that the residence of Katsura-no-miya, one of the branches ofthe Imperial Family, was removed and rebuilt here in 1894. It is not opened now.
Both palaces have Japanese gardens.
This castle is one of 17 constructions of "Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto" designated as a World Heritage Site.
The admission fee is 600 yen.
We cannot take photoes in Ninomaru-goten.
Get off at Nijojo-mae station on Tozai Line.
|All photoes by Railstation.net|
Kyoto Imperial Palace