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Hiroshima Prefecture

Hiroshima Prefecture in Chugoku DistrictHiroshima PrefectureHiroshima Prefecture is positioned in the center of Chugoku District.

The southern coast faces Seto Inland Sea (Seto Naikai), and there are about 140 islands near the coast.
The west part of the coastline faces Hiroshima Bay. The bay is known for the cultivation of oyster.
The whole prefecture is mountainous, so main cities are along the southern coastline.

The climate in the southern area is mild and has relatively low rainfall.
The mountainous northern area has heavy snowfall in winter.

Hiroshima Hiroshima city is the prefecural capital and has a population of 1.2 million.
It is the central city in Chugoku District, and there are the local agencies of the governnment and many companies.

But most of all, Hiroshima is known as the first city in the world to be the target of an atomic bomb.
On August 6th, 1945, Enola Gay (the B-29 bomber) by United States Army Air Forces dropped an atomic bomb on this city at 8:15 am.
The unthinkable blast in temperatures of some thousand degrees killed tens of thousands Hiroshima citizens in a moment.
And total 140 thousand people died within the year. (The city had a population of about 350 thousand people at that time.)

After the war, Hiroshima was restored with overcoming various difficulties, and has developed as the city of peace.
We Japanese hope to achieve a peaceful and safe world free of nuclear weapons.

To visit Hiroshima Prefecture, Shinkansen or airplane is convenient.
Shinkansen ("Nozomi") comes to Hiroshima within 1.5 hours from Shin-Osaka or within 4 hours from Tokyo.

Hiroshima Airport is located about 50 km east of Hiroshima city.
It has the flights from Haneda (Tokyo), Shin-Chitose (Sapporo), Sendai and Naha.
And it has the international flights from Seoul, Dalian, Beijing, Shanghai, Taipei and Guam.

Hiroshima Tourist Navigator : The website of Hiroshima Prefecture
Hiroshima Navigator : The website of Hiroshima City
Hiroshima Airport official website




The climate in Hiroshima city
Average value 1981-2010 JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Highest Temperature (deg C) 9.7 10.6 14.0 19.7 24.1 27.2 30.8 32.5 29.0 23.4 17.4 12.3
Lowest Temperature (deg C) 1.7 2.1 4.8 9.9 14.7 19.4 23.8 24.8 20.8 14.2 8.5 3.7
Mean monthly rainfall (mm) 45 67 124 142 178 247 259 111 170 88 68 41

Tourist spots in Hiroshima Prefecture

Hiroshima city map

Hiroshima city

Genbaku Dome (Hiroshima Peace Memorial) /1/
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park /2/
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum /3/
Two buildings for Okonimiyaki restaurants /4/
Hiroshima Castle /5/
Shukkeien garden /6/
Fudo-in temple /7/


Hiroshima Prefecture map

Other spots in Hiroshima Prefecture

Itsukushima Shrine (Miyajima Island) /11/
Onomichi city /12/
Shimanami Kaido /13/
Tomonoura port /14/

Scenic or Nature / Park or Garden / Resort / City, Town or Village / Quarter or Street /
Temple or Shrine / Museum or Laboratory / Market or Commercial facility / Factory /
Other Building or Construction / Historic place / Remains / World Heritage Site

Main events in Hiroshima Prefecture

Hiroshima Flower FestivalHiroshima Flower Festival (May 3-5th)

It is the main event in spring held in the central Hiroshima city. The festival has been held since 1977, and about a million people visit this festivel.
The symbol of this festival is a huge twelve-sided pyramid and it is covered with flowers.
The main venues are Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and Heiwa-Odori street, and parades, dances, concerts are held.

Lantern Floating CeremonyHiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony (August 6th)

August 6th is the day Hiroshima city was atom-bombed.
Every year on the day, Hiroshima's mayor, family members of the victims and other citizens attend the Peace Memorial Ceremony.
Participants offer a one-minute silent prayer for the victims at 8:15 a.m. and wish for peace.
The previous mayors have appealed for peace and a nuclear-free world in this ceremony every year.
In the evening, Lantern Floating Ceremony is held.
Many colorful lanterns bearing prayerful words for peace are floated in the rivers in Hiroshima city.

Local foods and products in Hiroshima Prefecture

Hiroshima-style OkonomiyakiHiroshima-style Okonomiyaki

Okonomiyaki is one of the popular foods in Japan.
It is thin and flat pancake cooked on a hot plate with bits of meat, seafood and chopped cabbages.
Most popular areas of Okonomiyaki is Osaka and Hiroshima, and the former is called "Kansai-style" and the latter is called "Hiroshima-style".
Kansai-style is general. But, in Hiroshima-style, noodles are mixed into the pancake.
The noodle is Chinese noodle or Udon.

OysterOyster

Japan is the third largest producer of oyster after China and Korea.
And Hiroshima Prefecture accounts for more than 50 percent of Japan's total amount of production.
Most oysters are cultivate around Hiroshima Bay.
January and February are the best season for Hiroshima oyster, so many cities and towns along the coast hold "Oyster Festival" in the season.
We can enjoy tasting raw oyseters, roasted oysters, boiled rice with oysters, and so on.

Momiji-manjuuMomiji-manjuu

It is the well-known cake for souvenir of Miyajima Island.
"Momiji" means "maple leaf", and Miyajima is famous for the beautiful colored maple leaves in autumn.
The shape of the cake is "a maple leaf", and it is filled with sweet red bean jam.
When you visit Hiroshima and Miyajima, you must find many momiji-manjuu in any souvenir shop.

ShamojiShamoji in Miyajima Island

Shamoji is a flat rice paddle used in the Japanese kitchen, and is used to stir and to serve rice, and to mix vinegar into the rice for sushi rice.
The traditional shamoji is made of wood. It has been used in Japan since the days before Christ after the beginning of production of rice.
In Miyajima Island, a priest devised the shamoji for souvenir in the end of the 18th century.
According to a play on Japanese words about shamoji, Miyajima's one is the charm for victory.


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