"Manga" and "anime" have become an international word for comics, cartoon or animation.
"Manga" is a Japanese word made in the early 20th century.
A word "anime" began to use in the mid-1970s, and it is taken from the beginning of pronunciation of "animation".
There is no obvious distinction between both words in Japan.
A word "manga" is older than "anime", so older persons tend to call most animation works "manga", and in reverse younger persons tend to say "anime".
I use myself a word "manga" as black-and-white works on magazines or books, and a word "anime" as colored works on books, TV or movie.
(In this page, I use a word "manga" wholly.)
Some comical paintings are found in many works in the Middle Ages.
Hokusai Katsushika (1760-1849), who is a famous Ukiyoe artist in the early 19th century, also created cartoony caricatures.
Between the late the 19th century and the beginning of 20th century,
early manga works are created.
Most of them are caricatures, and they were affected by American ones.
Additionally some artists created manga with story which was the prototype of modern manga.
In the 1930s, some manga books for children were created, then they
became best-sellers. But they were expensive, so many
children cannot get them.
During the World War II, creation of manga declined, but after that it revived.
Many shops for rental of books were opened, so every child was able to read any manga and it was developed.
In the 1950s, Osamu Tezuka, who was a great pioneer of modern Japanese manga, built up manga style with dramatic and long story.
In the 1960s, Japan entered high-growth era, then TV spread around
In this time, "Popeye" or Disney's cartoon from U.S. hit the air.
In 1963 Mr.Tezuka started the first Japanese TV cartoon "Tetsuwan Atomu"(known as "Astro Boy" in English), and it captivated a nation.
Around the same time, some comic magazines for boys and girls started.
And popular manga in the magazins were made into TV cartoon, so both magazine and TV were developed, and such way became a mainstream.
Since then "manga" has become an important culture in Japan.
The subjects are broad, and many artist are creating now.
: One of popular manga magazine
Kodansha : One of popular publishing companies of manga (Japanese website)
Shogakukan : One of popular publishing companies of manga (Japanese website)
Akita-shoten : One of popular publishing companies of manga (Japanese website)
Square Enix Japan (Japanese website)
Anime Newtype Channel : A website of KADOKAWA CONTENTS GATE Co.,Ltd. (Japanese website)