Toji is a Buddhist temple located about 1 km
west-southwest of Kyoto station.
It is pronounced as "Tooji" in Japanese. Toji means "East Temple".
The formal name is "Kyouou-Gokokuji".
After the transfer of the national capital to Kyoto in 794, the
construction of two temples were planned.
They were set up to the east side and west side of the main street at the south end of the ancient Kyoto city.
They were "Toji" (East Temple) and "Seiji" (West Temple), and both temples were built in 796.
They were given the meanings to guard the east half amd west half of the city and to guard eastern Japan and western Japan.
Saiji was destroyed by fire in 990 and 1233, then it had fallen into
Toji also was destroyed by fire in 1486, but Shogun families had supported this temple from the 16th century to the 19th century, so this temple had developed.
There are many buidings in the precincts.
Kondo is the main temple rebuilt in 1603, and is designated as a national treasure.
Koudo is the old temple rebuit in 1491, and has many statues of Buddha which are designated as national treasures and important cultural properties.
Five-story pagoda is the symbol of Toji.
The height is 54.8 meters, and it is the highest wooden building in Japan.
The original pagoda was built in the 9th century, and the current one was rebuilt in 1644.
It is also is designated as a national treasure.
We can see this pagoda from Shinkansen.
This temple is one of 17 constructions of "Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto" designated as a World Heritage Site.
The admission fee of Kondo and Koudo is usually 500 yen.
Five-story pagoda is opened to the public in first five days of New Year and several days in spring and autumn. At that time, the admission fee is 800 yen with Kondo and Koudo.
By Kintetsu Line, about 2 minutes
to Toji station. (The next station of Kyoto)
Then, about 10 minutes walk. (About 0.6 km)
About 15 minutes walk from Kyoto station. (About 1.1 km)
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Kyoto Imperial Palace