Tokushima Prefecture is located
at the east part of Shikoku Island.
To the northeast, there is Awaji Island in Hyogo Prefecture across Naruto Strait.
The east coast faces Kii Channel, and the southeast coast faces Pacific Ocean.
The whole area is mountainous, and particularly, the mountains in the
southwest part of the prefecture are steep.
The highest mountain is Mount Tsurugi (1,955 meters high), and is the second highest mountain in Shikoku Island after Mount Ishizuchi (1,982 meters high).
In the north part of the prefecture, Yoshino River flows from west to
east roughly in a straight line.
It has been the important river for the people in the north part of Tokushima Prefecture.
But this river has often flooded since ancient times.
So this river is counted among three major violent rivers in Japan, along with Tone River and Chikugo River.
These has been likened to naughty three brothers, and the nickname of this river is "Shikoku Saburo".
Most of the main cities and towns are along the coastline and
Tokushima city is located at the mouth of Yoshino River, and is the prefectural capital.
The railroad lines of JR also run along the coastline and the river from Tokushima city.
Tokushima Prefecture is connected by Oonaruto Bridge across Naruto
Strait with Awaji Island.
And the expressway on the bridge leads to Akashi and Kobe in Hyogo Prefecture through Awaji Island.
So the links between Tokushima Prefecture and Kansai District are stronger than the other prefecture in Shikoku Island.
To visit Tokushima Prefecture, it is more convenient to use express bus
from Osaka or Kobe than JR train.
When you use JR, you must follow the path such as Okayama, Takamatsu, Tokushima. You must transfer the train at each station, and it surely takes over 3 hours from Kansai District.
The express buses come to Tokushima directly in about 2 to 3 hours.
Tokushima Airport is located about 10 km north of central Tokushima.
It has the flights from Haneda (Tokyo), Chubu (Nagoya) and Fukuoka.
|Average value 1981-2010||JAN||FEB||MAR||APR||MAY||JUN||JUL||AUG||SEP||OCT||NOV||DEC|
|Highest Temperature (deg C)||9.8||10.5||13.8||19.4||23.6||26.6||30.3||31.9||28.3||22.8||17.5||12.5|
|Lowest Temperature (deg C)||2.7||2.8||5.6||10.5||15.2||19.6||23.6||24.6||21.4||15.4||9.8||4.9|
|Mean monthly rainfall (mm)||39||53||95||108||148||191||149||173||210||146||97||45|
It is the annual event held in Taisanji temple in the
mountains located about 20 km northwest of Tokushima city.
The Japanese word "Chikara-mochi" is given two meanings. One is "mighty man" and another is "mochi (rice cake) of power".
About 400 years ago, the lord around this area had visited to worship the Buddha statue in this temple for 21 days.
Strangely enough, he was given very strong power. So he dedicated a stone lantern and large mochi to this temple in return. Of course, they were carried by the powerful lord himself.
Since that, this temple has held the event carring heavy mochi every year.
Many challengers compete the distance carrying the mochi.
The weights of the mochi are 160 kg for men, 50 kg for women, 45 kg for elementary school students, and 10 kg for young children.
Awa Dance ("Awa Odori" in Japanese) is one of the most
famous Bon dances in Japan. "Awa" is the old name of Tokushima
Especially, Awa Dance Festival in Tokushima city is big, and far more than a million visitors come to see this festival every year.
Men dance vigorously or comically, and women dance gracefully but briskly, to the up-tempo music with Shamisen (Japanese three-stringed instrument), bell, drum and bamboo flute.
Men wear happi coat or Yukata (summer cotton kimono), and women wear kimono and a straw hat like a folded disk.
The festival is performed in the form of dancing parade by many dancing teams.
It is said that there are about a thousand dancing teams, and about 100 thousand members of the teams join the parade.
It is a local dish in Tokushima Prefecture, and originated
in the mountain area at the west part of this prefecture.
"Sobagome" is a food processed from dried grains of soba (buckwheat), but little sobagome is coming onto the market in Japan.
"Zosui" is a rice soup dish. Generally, it is made by putting rice and some ingredients into Japanese dashi soup and boiling it.
In Sobagome-zosui, sobagome is used instead of rice.
It is a round and green citrus fruit.
It looks like small lime, and is about 3 to 4 centimeters in diameter.
The scent is milder than lime.
Tokushima Prefecture gained more than 90 percent share of the Japan's sudachi production.
A slice of sudachi is served with many traditional Japanese dishes which include broiled fish, soba noodle, nabe, and even some alcoholic beverages.