Hita is a city located about 70 km west of Oita city.
It is in Oita Prefecture, but is closer to some main cities in Fukuoka
Prefecture rather than Oita and Beppu.
Mikuma River flows through this city to the west.
This river comes from around Mount Aso, flows through Hita, changes the
name to Chikugo River in Fukuoka Prefecture, and flows into Ariake Sea.
This city is in the basin surrounded with many mountains, and has dense
fog in winter by the water of the river.
A castle was built in the 9th century.
In 1593, Hita became the government-ruled area.
So the castle was demolished and the government office was set up.
In the result, a tidy town was formed, and the culture like Kyoto or
Edo (current Tokyo) developed.
The old town is Mamedamachi, and is located about 1.2 km north of JR
Hita station. It is sometimes called "Little Kyoto".
The north end of the town is along Kagetsu River.
In November, the evening festival "Sen'nen Akari" is held there. Over
30 thousand bamboo lantern create the fantastic atmosphare.
And Hita Gion Festival held in July as a traditional festival of the
city is popular.
Main spots in Hita
old town /1/ : The old town about 400
meters from north to south, about 200 from east to west.
It was constructed in 1616. The massive fires in 1772 and 1887
destroyed many houses, but this town was restored.
Kamimachi street and Miyuki street runs from north to south, and there
are many old houses along the streets.
merchant residence /2/ : The oldest merchant residence in
Kusano Family had been the merchant of wax, and some of the buildings
in the residence were built in the late 17th century.
- Tenryo Hita
Museum /3/ : The museum
introducing old culture of Hita.
"Tenryo" means "government-ruled area in Edo Period (1603-1868)".
Old paintings, books, maps are displayed.
- Hirose Museum
/4/ : The museum about
folk culture and economy in Hita.
The building is former residence of Hirose family built in the 1670s.
Museum /5/ : The museum of a
Iwao pharmacy was founded in 1855, and they invented and started
selling the panacea "Nippongwan" in 1887.
But they had not make Nippongwan anymore after the World War II because
it is extremely hard to procure musk and rhino's horn, which is one of
the main ingredients of the panacea.
So they stopped producing the panacea in the 1960s, then decreased the
phermacy in size.
And the building built in the early 20th century was opened as the
museum in 1993.
school /6/ : The boarding
school located about 0.4 km south of Mamedamachi.
It was founded in 1805 by Tansou Hirose (1782-1856), a Confucianist in
To cultivate excellent human resources, he was opened to both samurai
and commoner, and to both boys and girls.
The school was closed in 1897, but about 4,800 pupils were educated
- Hita Gion
Float Museum /7/ : The museum of floats using in Hita
Gion Festival located about 0.8 km west of Hita station.
The festival held in July models Gion Festival in Kyoto, and beautiful
This museum displays 6 floats and many other articles using in the
Scenic or Nature /
Park or Garden /
City, Town or Village /
Quarter or Street /
Temple or Shrine /
Museum or Laboratory /
Market or Commercial facility /
Other Building or Construction /
Historic place /
World Heritage Site
How to get to here
By limited express
on JR Kyudai Line, about 1 hour and 50 minutes from Oita, about 1 hours
and 20-25 minutes from Hakata.
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