Fukuoka Prefecture is at the
north part of Kyushu Island.
There is Honshu Island just to the north across Kanmon Channel, so it has been the entrance of Kyushu Island. The northeastern coast faced Seto Inland Sea (Seto Naikai), and the northwestern coast faces the Sea of Japan.
This prefecture is located at the nearest position to Eurasian
The distance to Busan in Korea is only about 200 km.
So since ancient times, this area had had various contacts with the continent.
A golden seal which was given as a gift by the King of China in the
1st century was unearthed here.
Today, high-speed ships are in service between Fukuoka and Busan.
Fukuoka Prefecture has two big city, Fukuoka (pop. 1.45 million) and
Kitakyushu (0.98 million).
Fukuoka is the prefectural capital located on the northwest coast, and
is the largest city in Kyushu Island.
Especially, the central area is called Hakata district, and the station name of Shinkansen is Hakata.
Kitakyushu is located at the north part of the prefecture, and faces
It is a major industrial city.
There was a great coalfield region between Fukuoka and Kitakyushu, so the iron industry in Kitakyushu had developed because of the rich production of coal in the first half of the 20th century.
Fukuoka (Hakata) is the base point to tour around the west part of
Kyushu Island by railroad.
And Kitakyushu (Kokura) is the base point to tour around the east part.
Sanyo Shinkansen comes through Kokura to Hakata.
In March 2011, Kyushu Shinkansen to Kagoshima will be opened.
Both Fukuoka and Kitakyushu have airports.
Fukuoka Airport is located about 3 km east of JR Hakata station.
It has the flights from Haneda (Tokyo), Itami (Osaka), Chubu, Nagoya and many other cities.
Additionally, it has the international flights from Seoul, Beijing, Shanghai, Hongkong, Taipei, Singapore, Bangkok, Hanoi, Manila, and several other Asian cities.
Kitakyushu Airport is on the sea located about 15 km southeast of JR
It has the flights from Haneda (Tokyo) and Okinawa.
Additionally, it has the international flights from Seoul.
|Average value 1981-2010||JAN||FEB||MAR||APR||MAY||JUN||JUL||AUG||SEP||OCT||NOV||DEC|
|Highest Temperature (deg C)||9.9||11.1||14.4||19.5||23.7||26.9||30.9||32.1||28.3||23.4||17.8||12.6|
|Lowest Temperature (deg C)||3.5||4.1||6.7||11.2||15.6||19.9||24.3||25.0||21.3||15.4||10.2||5.6|
|Mean monthly rainfall (mm)||68||72||113||117||143||255||278||172||178||74||85||60|
It is the annual festival of Hakozakigu shrine in Fukuoka
city, and has been held for over 500 years.
First, two purified wooden balls are handed to a cluster of children with only a loincloth.
They jostle each other and hand the balls one after another.
When they reach in front of the main shrine, the balls are handed to a cluster of adult men. They are split into two teams, fishermen and farmers, and scramble for the balls.
And the team who put the balls into the main shrine wins.
When fishermen team has won, they will get a good catch of fish, and when farmers team has won, they will get a good crop.
It is the big annual festival in Fukuoka city, and over 2
million visitors come to see this festival every year.
Many various dancing teams march with dancing, and they dance on the stage in several place in the city.
Originally, it was the festival held in the New Year Days, and started in the 12th century.
In 1871, Meiji Government called the holiday as "Zontag" of Dutch word meaning "Sunday".
It was the new concept for Japanese people who had been lived in the feudal country.
And Hakata's people said it as "dontaku", and this fastival was given the name because it was held in the holiday which the government set.
It is a festival held in Kokura district in Kitakyushu
It was begun in 1618 to be modeled after Gion festival in Kyoto, because the lord of Kokura Domain came from Kyoto.
But since the late 19th century, this fastival had changed from the graceful parade to the show of beating drum. "Daiko" (Taiko) means "Japanese drum".
Many teams march with beating Taiko.
Ramen is one of Japanese popular noodles.
Hakata Ramen was born in the 1940s in Fukuoka city, and has become one of three major ramens in Japan, along with Sapporo and Kitagata.
It features its milky white soup.
The broth is made by boiling pork bones at high heat. Gelatinous texture in poke bone makes the broth white, and adds the rich taste. (It is called "Tonkotsu soup".)
The noodle is thin, and basically only chopped negi (green onion) and a sliced barbecued pork are topped.
Generally, "mentaiko" in Japanese means "salted walleye
It has been eaten in Japan and Korea. In Korea, it has been salted with chopped red pepper.
When Japan governed Korea in the early 20th century, Japanese people who went to Korea knew the method using red pepper first.
After the World War II, a man who came back from Korea to Fukuoka invented a new mentaiko using red pepper in 1960.
It was "Karashi mentaiko". "Karashi" means "red pepper".
He made it by confitting mentaiko in flavored liquid containing red pepper and maturing for a few days.
Now there are many Karashi mentaiko makers, and they keep a lid on how to make the flavored liquid.
It is a popular local cuisine in Fukuoka Prefecture, and
is a kind of one-pot dish cooked at the table.
Water is boiled in a pot. Then chicken bones and skins are put into the water. No seasoning is used.
Of course, it gets to tasty soup.
After that, chicken meats and various vagitables are put into the soup, and we eat them after dipping into the sauce of shoyu (soy sauce) and vinegar.
It is a traditional artifact created in Hakata district in
It is molded from clay, fired, then painted, and has been created since the early 17th century.
In 1890, this doll was exhibited in the 3rd World Exposition in Paris, and caught a great deal of attention.
Since that, Hakata Doll has been known throughout the world.
The works of Hakata Doll has several types.
They are beauty doll, samurai doll, Kabuki doll, Noh doll, child doll, and so on.