Nagasaki Prefecture is positioned in the west part of Kyushu Island.
The coastline is very complex, so this prefecture has many bays, coves
And about 970 islands are around this prefecture.
Main islands are Tsushima (about 100 km north), Iki (about 50 km north) and Goto Islands (about 60 km west).
In the middle of the 16th century, Christian missionaries came from
Portugal, and they created many Japanese Christians in this area.
From the early 17th century to the mid-19th century, the government had banned Christianity, but many hidden Christians were in this area.
It is said that Nagasaki Prefecture has the highest percentage of Christians in Japan.
Nagasaki city is the prefecural capital.
Here had been a small village.
But main port was constructed in 1570, so this area became an important place and developed.
During Edo Period (1603-1868), the government had an isolationist policy, but Nagasaki had been the only port for foreign trade. Near the port, Dejima island was constructed, and the merchants of China and the Netherlands had stayed there.
"Madama Butterfly" by Giacomo Puccini is a famous opera set in Nagasaki
in the 1890s.
The historical background makes Nagasaki an exotic city.
At 11:02 a.m., on August 9th, 1945, the U.S. B-29 Superfortress
Bockscar dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki city.
Three days before, Hiroshima city was sacrificed by the first evil bomb.
The A-bomb killed about 74 thousand people and injured about 75 thousand people in a moment.
I hope that the use of A-bomb was the last time in human history, for eternity.
To visit Nagasaki Prefecture, JR limited expresses are convenient.
The limited express "Kamome" comes to Nagasaki, and "Midori" comes to Sasebo.
They reach both city from Hakata for about 2 hours.
Nagasaki Airport is located about 25 km north of Nagasaki city.
It has the flights from Haneda (Tokyo), Chubu (Nagoya), Itami (Osaka), and a few other cities.
And it has the flights to the main islands of this prefecture (Tsushima, Iki, Goto).
And it has the international flights from Seoul.
To tour around Nagasaki city, it is convenient and reasonable to use
It is the flat fare (120 yen), and the one-day ticket is 500 yen.
And route buses are operated frequently, and the regular sightseeing bus visiting main spots runs twice per day from JR Nagasaki station.
|Average value 1981-2010||JAN||FEB||MAR||APR||MAY||JUN||JUL||AUG||SEP||OCT||NOV||DEC|
|Highest Temperature (deg C)||10.4||11.7||14.8||19.7||23.5||26.4||30.1||31.7||28.6||23.8||18.3||13.1|
|Lowest Temperature (deg C)||3.8||4.4||7.3||11.6||15.8||20.0||24.3||25.1||21.8||16.1||10.8||5.9|
|Mean monthly rainfall (mm)||64||86||132||151||179||315||314||195||189||86||86||61|
Shinchi Chinatown /2/
Oranda-zaka sloping road /3/
Confucius Shrine /4/
Oura Catholic Church /5/
Glover Garden /6/
Megane Bridge /7/
Sofukuji temple /8/
Memorial to the Martyrdom of the 26 Saints of Japan /9/
San'no Shrine /10/
Hypocenter Park /11/
Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum /12/
Peace Park /13/
Urakami Cathedral /14/
Nyokodo hermitage /15/
Mount Inasa /16/
It is the annual event for about two weeks from the
Chinese New Year's Day.
Originally, this had been held the New Year Festival for Chinese people living in Chinatown in Nagasaki city.
Since 1994, this has been one of the main festival of Nagasaki city.
Many Chinese lanterns are decorated in the town.
As the events, the parade of former Chinese dynasty, the reenactment to enshrine the statue of Mazu (Chinese goddess of sea) to a temple, and so on are held.
Of course, we can see the vivid dances of dragon and lion.
Bon (Obon) is a Buddhist festival held to welcome back the
spirits of the dead.
In Nagasaki Prefecture, Shoro Nagashi is held.
On the first Bon day of a dead person, the family carry a decoarated float throughout the city.
The float is in the form of a ship, and has the soul of the dead person.
When the parade is done, firecrackers are set off. It has an Chinese influence.
But it is not a festival not a Buddhist ceremony.
It is the annual festival of Suwa Shrine in Nagasaki city.
59 towns in Nagasaki city divide into 7 groups, and each group with 7-11 towns joins this festival in turns.
Each town shows unique performance.
They are dragon dance, Japanese dance, pulling or carrying floats, and parades.
On the whole, they has been influenced by the traditional culture of Portugal, the Netherlands, China.
It is a type of banquet in Nagasaki.
The guests sit around a round table, and eat the various dish on large plates freely. It looks like Chinese dish.
On the plates, Japanese dishes such as sashimi, tempura, boiled dish of various vegitables, and Chinese dishes are served.
It is said that this style had been born from the dinner with citizens and Chinese people in Nagasaki in the 17th century.
It is a noodle dish born in Nagasaki city.
Pork, Sea foods (squid, shrimp), various vegitables are fried. Then thick Chinese noodle and soup are added and boiled.
It is completely different from ramen.
In the early 20th century, a Chinese cook from Fujian in China to Nagasaki invented this as a cheap and nourishing dish for students from China.
"Sara" means "plate", and "udon" is one of popular
But this dish serves no udon. Fried Chinese noodle is used.
On it, fried and boiled pork, sea foods and varoius vegitables are topped.
This dish was also invented by the cook who created Chanpon.
This is the popular dish in Nagasaki, along with Chanpon.
It is a Japanese sponge cake made of sugar,
and starch syrup.
The cake was brought by way of Portuguese merchants in the 16th century.
The name is derived from Portuguese Pão de Castella, meaning "bread from Castile".
It is a Western cake using no milk, so it became a popular sweets for Japanese people who had been not the custom to use milk and dairy products.
Vidro is a Portuguese word meaning "glass".
In the 16th century, Portuguese brought the Western glass products to Japan.
And Japanese craftsmen learned the process of making glasswares from Dutchman staying in Dejima island in Nagasaki city.
And they created a glass toy.
It looks like a flask. When we blow the pipe, the thin bottom makes a sound "popin!".
The Ukiyoe (Japanese woodblock print) "Lady blowing Vidro" created by Utamaro Kitagawa (1733-1806) is famous.