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Shimoda city

ShimodaShimoda city map Shimoda is a city located near the southern end of Izu Peninsula and about 50 km south of Atami.

The central area is on the head of a small cove, which has been a natural port.
Many steep mountains surround the central city, and the coastline is indented.
The climate is warm, and the rainfall is much.

Japan had closed the country since 1639 under Edo Government.
But in 1853, Commodore Matthew C. Perry (1794-1858) visited Japan with a squadron of four war vessels and presented the Shogun with a letter from U.S. President Millard Fillmore.
In the following year the United States and Japan concluded a treaty of amity, and Shimoda was opened as one of the new international trading ports.
And in the year, the treaty between Russia and Japan was signed in Shimoda.

From 1856 to 1859, the Japan's first U.S. Consulate General was set up in Shimoda, and Townsend Harris (1804-1878) was assigned as a consul

In Shimoda city, there are some spots related above history.

Izu Shimoda Tour Guide

To visit Shimoda, Izukyu Line is convenient.
Many limited expresses from Tokyo come directly.

Izukyu official website

From Izukyu-Shimoda station, sightseeing buses with various courses start every day.
Each course tours most of below spots and takes 2.5-3 hours. (The tour fare is 2,320-3,420 yen.)

And the pleasure boat touring around Shimoda Cove are operated.
It takes about 20 minutes.

Houfukuji temple /1/

Houfukuji temple It is a Buddhist temple located about 0.4 km south of Izukyu-Shimoda station.
It was founded in 1559, and the main office of Japan government to negotiate with U.S. was set up here in 1854.

This temple is known for the tomb of Okichi, who was a tragic Geisha and her real name was Kichi Saito (1841-1891).
When the counsil Townsend Harris had a disease in Shimoda, she was assigned as his nurse.
In Japan, the career as a nurse hadn't existed in that time, so the people in Shimoda thought that she was forced to become a concubine of a foreigner.
They felt pity for her, but as she became rich, they became jealous of her and despise her.
After three months, she disemployed, then she became lonely in people's glacial stares.
She had been given to drinking, then at last, she killed herself.

Her family temple declined to give her burial. So the priest of this temple entombed her with mercy.

In this temple, there are her tomb and the memorial museum about her tragic life.

Ryosenji temple /2/

Ryosenji temple It is a Buddhist temple located about 0.9 km south of Izukyu-Shimoda station.
It was founded in 1635.
In 1854, the Treaty of Shimoda between U.S. and Japan as an additional treaty of the Convention of Kanagawa in 1853 was concluded in this temple.
And in this precincts, there are many American jasmines, which are like real jasmines but they aren't the jasmine family.
But this temple's nickname is "Jasmine Temple".
Also there is the museum about this temple and Perry, Harris.

Ryosenji official website

Chorakuji temple /3/

Chorakuji temple It is a Buddhist temple located just southeast of Ryosenji.
It was founded in 1554.
In 1854, the Treaty of Shimoda between Russia and Japan was concluded here.
In the museum, dolls, picture postcards and the other articles from Russia are displayed.

Perry Road /4/

Perry Road It is the approach to Ryosenji, and the length is about 500 meters.
Originally, here was a courtesan and geisha district, and old buildings are along this street.
Now the buildings are the shops or cafes.
Of course, the name "Perry" comes from the Commodore.

The Monument for the Arrival of U.S.N. Commodore Perry's Squadron /5/

Perry Memorial Park It is a monument standing near the east end of Perry Road, and is located near Inouzawa River.
There are the bust of Commodore Perry and the anchor presented by U.S. Navy.

Gyokusenji temple /6/

Gyokusenji temple It is a Buddhist temple located about 1.5 km east of Izukyu-Shimoda station.
It is unknown when this temple was founded, but there are written records that this temple was converted to Shingon to Soto Buddhism in the 1580s.
In 1856, Townsend Harris was opened the U.S. Consulate General here.
And he employed Okichi as a nurse for three months in 1857.
In this site, there is Townsend Harris Museum. And there are nine Amrican tombs.
In 1979, the 39th U.S. president Jimmy Carter and his family visited here.

Mount Nesugata /7/

Mount Nesugata It is a mountain located about 1 km east of Izukyu-Shimoda station.
On the top, there is the vantage park. We can climb easily by the ropeway starting from the side of Izukyu-Shimoda station.
"Nesugata" means "sleeping form". Certainly, it looks a big woman sleepling.

Tsumekizaki coast /8/

Tsumekizaki coast It is the coast located about 4 km east-southeast of central Shimoda city.
The coast is rocky, and a flower garden is near the coast.
And here is known for narcissus community, and they are in full bloom from late December to January.
By route bus, it takes about 22 minutes from Izukyu-Shimoda station.

Scenic or Nature / Park or Garden / Resort / City, Town or Village / Quarter or Street /
Temple or Shrine / Museum or Laboratory / Market or Commercial facility / Factory /
Other Building or Construction / Historic place / Remains / World Heritage Site

How to get to here

By railroad

To Izukyu-Shimoda terminal station, by limited express "Odoriko", about 1 hour 20-25 minutes from Atami, about 1 hour and 40-45 minutes from Tokyo.
By local train, about 1 hour and 30-40 minutes from Atami.

By car

To Shimoda, about 75 km from Atami, about 53 km from Ito, about 50 km from Shuzenji.

Central Shimoda city
Photo by Railstation.net
One of old buildings in Shimoda
Photo by Railstation.net
Houfukuji temple Museum of Okichi in Hougukuji
Gate of Ryosenji temple Main temple of Ryosenji
Photo by Railstation.net
Chorakuji temple Perry Road
The monument of Perry
Photo by Railstation.net
Gate of Gyokusenji temple
Main hall of Gyokusenji Harris Museum in Gyokusenji
Mount Nesugata A view from the top of Mt.Nesugata
Tsumekizaki coast Narcissus of Tsumekizaki

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